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MG HECTOR !! 5 FACTS YOU MUST KNOW !!

MG Motor recently announced the name of its SUV for the Indian market. Called the MG Hector, the new SUV will be officially released in mid 2019. Prior to its launch, the carmaker has released a teaser video showing minor details about the vehicle, while testing in extreme climate conditions. Here are 5 interesting facts about the MG Hector SUV that you should know.



1. MG: A ‘NEW’ carmaker for India

Operational since 1924 (pre-Independence era), MG a.k.a Morris Garages was founded in the UK (95 years old) and is known for its classic sports cars and cabriolets. MG was acquired by China’s state-owned SAIC Motor Corporation (SAIC, formerly Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation) in the late 2000s.



According to the British automaker, the name ‘Hector’ takes inspiration from a couple of sources, all with reference to Europe. First off, the Hawker Hector which served as a biplane in the British Royal Army back in the 1930s. Second, Prince Hector of Troy, the warrior who fought valiantly in the Trojan War.

2. Competitive pricing and rivals

MG is targeting 75 per cent localisation with the Hector at launch. It is expected to be priced between Rs 15 lakh to Rs 20 lakh, similar price range as the Jeep Compass. The MG Hector will also go up against the Tata Harrier, Hyundai Tucson and the Mahindra XUV500.


3. Will get both petrol and diesel engines at the time of launch

The MG Hector will be powered by the same Fiat 2.0-litre Multijet diesel engine as the Jeep Compass. There will also be a petrol engine on offer, but MG Motor is yet to reveal any details about it. We believe that it could be a 1.5-litre turbocharged petrol, as seen on the China-spec Baojun 530. While the is there no confirmation regarding the automatic diesel variant, the petrol-powered Hector is expected to get an automatic version in India.

4. More than 45 MG dealerships at the time of launch

At the time of Hector’s launch, MG will have around 45 dealerships up and running across the country and almost as many service centres. Moreover, MG Motor will also set up a brand-owned dealership in Gurugram for those who want a more in-depth understanding of the brand. The carmaker says all MG owners will be part of an exclusive club as well. The carmaker has already announced 4 dealerships for Punjab, in Chandigarh, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Amritsar.

5. BIGGER THAN TATA HARRIER

Compared to its arch rival – Tata Harrier, the MG Hector is 57mm longer and 54mm taller. While the former measures 4598mm in length and 1706mm in height, the latter is 4655mm long and 1760mm tall. In terms of width, however, the Harrier takes a lead. While the Harrier is 1894mm wide, the Hector measures 1835mm in width.


The launch of the Hector has been confirmed to take place in Mid 2019, which could be in June 2019. MG will have 100 sales and service touchpoints in place by May 2019.

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WHAT IS TSI ENGINE ?? CHECK OUT HERE !!

If you have kept up with updates of the automotive industry throughout the past few years, you have probably heard of Volkswagen TSI engines. It is likely you know about TDI Clean Diesel, but you may be wondering about TSI as well. So, what is Volkswagen TSI, exactly? We will discuss TSI in this post.


TSI stands for “Turbo Stratified Injection.”Volkswagen TSI engine uses a combination of turbocharging and direct fuel injection to offer high efficiency. 

With this technology, these engines can be designed smaller, allowing them to achieve high fuel economy. The direct-injection combined with a turbocharger gives high performance. Allowing the smaller engine to provide an incredible amount of horsepower and torque. With smaller designs and incredibly efficient combustion, the TSI engines are able to provide maximum power with minimum fuel consumption. Most Volkswagen models are equipped with TSI engines including the 2016 Jetta, 2016 Golf GTI, 2016 Beetle, and 2016 Tiguan.


ADVANTAGES :

Some advantages of TSI engines:
  1. Better fuel distribution and better fuel charge inside the combustion chamber
  2. During the injection process, the fuel gets evaporated, cooling the cylinder chamber
  3. The cooling effect of the pressurized fuel allows for use of a lower octane fuel leading to cost savings for the end user
  4. Higher compression ratios, which translates into more power
  5. Increased fuel combustion efficiency
  6. Higher power during pick-up of vehicle


DISADVANTAGES :


  1. Huge rise in the number of emitted exhaust particles
  2. More expensive - much higher pressure fuel pumps are required to inject the fuel directly into the cylinder. This requires fuel pressures of up to 200 bar, much greater than a traditional multiport injection setup.


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LEARN HOW TO READ WELDING SYMBOLS !!

The ability to read and understand weld symbols is very important in the manufacturing industry. Like other aspects of drafting, there’s a set of symbols for welding to simplify the communication between designer and builder (i.e. the welder).In this article, we will discuss various welding symbols and their meaning.


Let us begin with the constituents of a welding symbol. A typical welding symbol is shown below.


These figures represent the core structure of every drafting specification for a weld to be performed. The welding symbol has an arrow, which points to the location on the drawing where a weld is required. The arrow is attached to a leader line that intersects with a horizontal reference line. Finally, there's a tail at the opposite end of the reference line that forks off in two directions. The tail is optional and needed only for special instructions.

TYPICAL WELDING SYMBOLS AND THEIR MEANING :

1.) The weld symbol may also be placed above the reference line, rather than below it. This placement is important. When the weld symbol hangs below the reference line, it indicates that the weld must be performed on the "arrow side" of the joint. For example, in the figure shown below, a fillet weld is specified on the arrow side. You can see the actual weld in the second depiction.


2.) If the weld symbol appears on top of the reference line, then the weld should be made on the opposite side of the joint where the arrow points.It is represented in the figure below.


3.) If the weld symbol appears on both sides of the reference line, as shown below, it specifies that a weld must be performed on both sides of the joint. This is represented in the figure below.


4.) Each type of weld has its own basic symbol, which is typically placed near the center of the reference line (and above or below it, depending on which side of the joint it's on). The symbol is a small drawing that can usually be interpreted as a simplified cross-section of the weld. In the descriptions below, the symbol is shown in both its arrow-side and other-side positions.



5.) A weld symbol may also specify an angle, root opening or root face dimension. This is common when the base metal to be welded on is thicker than 1/4 inch. The following example is a symbol and drawing calling for a V-groove joint:


6.) Sometimes, a series of separate welds is specified, rather than a single long weld. This is common when thin or heat-sensitive metals are welded on, or where the joint is a really long one. In the following symbol and drawing, 3-inch intermittent fillet welds are specified and shown in figure below.


7.) Numbers are also a big part of a welding specification. The width, depth, root opening and length of a weld, as well as the angle of any beveling required on the base metal before welding can all be communicated above or below the reference line.

In most cases, the weld width (or diameter) is located to the left of the weld symbol (expressed here in inches), while its length is written to the right. (The weld's width is the distance from one leg of the weld to the other.) Often, no length is indicated, which means the weld should be laid down from the beginning to the end of the joint, or where there's an abrupt change in the joint on the base metal.


Dimensions written below the reference line, of course, apply to the joint on the arrow side, while dimensions written above apply to the joint on the other side. In the image above, welds are indicated for both sides of the joint.

8.) Optional Tail = Special Instructions

As you just saw in the case of the backing strip, the forked tail of the welding symbol is used to convey details that aren't part of the normal parameters declared on the reference line. For instance, the engineer or designer might want the welder to use specific welding ( for example SMAW), or another welding process. Or there may be other information to convey:

Of course, when no special instructions are needed, the tail is omitted from the welding symbol, leaving just the reference line, arrow and leader line.

Apart from these, there are other symbols but these are some of the mandatory symbols that every welding specification contains.

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LAB VIVA/INTERVIEW QUESTIONS OF THERMODYNAMICS !!

LAB VIVA/INTERVIEW QUESTIONS OF THERMODYNAMICS :


1. A quantity of matter of fixed mass and identity which is bounded by a closed surface. 

2. An enclosure which permits thermal interaction. 

3. An enclosure which prevents thermal interaction.

4. A system in which all the measurable variables have the same value as they had inside an enclosure after a long time, irrespective of the interaction that may have taken place. 

5. A region of interest, that is involved in the analysis.

 6. Any change of state occurring in a system. 

7. A region in space or control volume or quantity of matter upon which attention is focussed for study. 

8. A change of state which occurs while the system is adiabatically enclosed. 

9. Any observable characteristic of the system. 

10. A type of reversible process, characterized by the fact that the system is at each instant arbitrarily close to equilibrium. 

11. A study of the transfer and conversion of energy. 

12. If a thermodynamic system undergoes an adiabatic process, the net amount of work performed by it depends only on its initial and final states, and not on the sequence of intermediate state or path. 

13. Depends solely upon the state of the system and not upon how that state was reached. 

14. A change in the state of a system which occurs without any work being done. 

15. It is impossible to construct a device which, working in a complete cycle, will produce no other effect than the transfer of a quantity of heat from a cooler to a hotter body. 

16. Two states of two systems characterized by an absence of heat flow even when there is no adiabatic wall between them.

17. The loci of points corresponding to states of the same temperature.

18. A system going through some process whose initial and final states are the same. 

19. A system which exchanges heat and work with its surroundings while operating in a cyclic process. 

20. A hypothetical machine whose operation would violate the laws of thermodynamics.

ANSWERS:

1. system 2. diathermic 3. adiabatic 4. equilibrium state 5. system 6. process 7. thermodynamic system 8. adiabatic process 9. property 10. quasistatic 11. thermodynamics 12. first law of thermodynamics 13. property 14. free motion 15. Clausius statement 16. thermal equilibrium 17. isotherms 18. cycle 19. thermodynamic machine 20. perpetual-motion machine

AFTER-MARKET ABS !! ARE THEY WORTH ??


ABS which simply means Anti-Locking Braking System prevents the rear or the front wheel or both in some case from locking up which if fails, ends in a disaster.



In technical terms,Anti-locking Braking System, is a complex technology in a motorcycle or a car that can help reduce the speed or stop the vehicle in an emergency situation without locking either of the two wheels or even all the four in case of cars. This is achieved by using speed sensors that is attached to the wheels that continuously monitor the wheel rotation speed and sends the data to the braking ECU which is in turn connected to the hydraulic unit that adjusts the hydraulic pressure of the brake fluid inside accordingly. In an emergency braking situation which is otherwise panic braking, one can be confident that the wheels wouldn’t lock up giving the rider a taste of the tarmac.




Can ABS System Purchased separately (After-market ABS)?


The answer is YES. But there are certain hitches in that too! You’ll have to figure out a way to calibrate the aftermarket ABS to your specific car/motorcycle. You must also understand that automakers spend thousands of hours testing and calibrating a car/motorcycle fitted with ABS, in order to fine-tune its working in real-world conditions. Obviously, this isn’t something that’s feasible for most owners. This is also a reason why after-market ABS systems, though available, are unpopular. Also after-market ABS are costly for example, Bosch makes an aftermarket ABS that costs a whopping Rs. 6 lakhs! 

It’s better to buy a motorcycle that has a factory fitted ABS system which would have been tested rigorously by the motorcycle manufacturer as an integrated part of the motorcycle itself.

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WHY MODERN ENGINES USE FORGED PISTON? CHECK OUT THE ANSWER !!

Now-a-days forged pistons are used by most of high end vehicles.The main characteristic that makes forged pistons excel in high performance applications is strength and durability. 


The high silicon content of cast pistons makes them brittle compared to forged pistons. Silicon gives the metal lubricity and is mixed in the alloy to limit heat expansion. This is primarily the reason why cast pistons require careful handling. 


Mild shock applied to it may cause the material to break. The process of forging compresses the molecules inside the alloy, which results in a denser surface area compared to a cast piston.

The Difference:

The difference between a normal or cast piston and a forged piston is the manufacturing technique. Traditional cast pistons are considered good enough by most engine manufactures when it comes to stock setups, and suffer no drawback in terms of compression and service life. The cast piston is most common on all mass-produced engines, because the casting process of making this type of piston presents a low cost opportunity to the manufacturer.



Forged pistons employ a single lump of billet alloy which is stamped by the use of a die. The shape of the die determines the size and shape of the piston.Forged pistons are also easy to manufacture as there is no need for big, heavy and expensive casting equipment as employed in the manufacture of cast pistons.

How Air Bags Work ?

Air Bags:-
An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system. The airbag module is designed to inflate extremely rapidly then quickly deflate during a collision or impact with a surface or a rapid sudden deceleration. 

The purpose of the airbag is to provide the occupants a soft cushioning and restraint during a crash event to prevent any impact or impact-caused injuries between the flailing occupant and the interior of the vehicle. The airbag provides an energy absorbing surface between the vehicle's occupant and a steering wheel, instrumental panel, A-B-C- structural body frame pillars, headliner and windshield/windscreen.

There are three parts to an airbag that help to accomplish this feature:
>The bag itself is made of a thin, nylon fabric, which is folded into the steering wheel or dashboard or, more recently, the seat or door.
>The sensor is the device that tells the bag to inflate. Inflation happens when there is a collision force equal to running into a brick wall at 10 to 15 miles per hour (16 to 24 km per hour). A mechanical switch is flipped when there is a mass shift that closes an electrical contact, telling the sensors that a crash has occurred. The sensors receive information from an accelerometer built into a microchip.

>The airbag's inflation system reacts sodium azide (NaN3) with potassium nitrate (KNO3) to produce nitrogen gas. Hot blasts of the nitrogen inflate the airbag.